Gurnell, A. M. and Fenn, C. R. (1985)
Spatial and temporal variations in electrical-conductivity in a pro-glacial stream system
- Cite key
- Journal of Glaciology
- Spatial and temporal observations of electrical conductivity during the summers of 1978 and 198 I on the pro-glacial stream system of glacier de Tsidjiore Nouve, Valais, Switzerland, are described. Three space-time scales of electrical conductivity variations are considered: single-site, hourly monitoring for a two-month period; multiple-site sampling over 12 h periods using a I h sampling interval, and multiple-site sampling over monthly periods using a 24 h and 48 h sampling interval. Detailed analysis of the information from the three scales shows that the sampling strategies employed can reliably be used to investigate space-time patterns in the data. The results demonstrate that there are diurnal cycles in both electrical conductivity and discharge which are slightly different in form and which are out of phase with one another at the same site. Simultaneous multiple-site sampling of electrical conductivity shows that the tributary streams draining the glacier snout exhibit complementary shifts in electrical conductivity between ablation seasons, between days, and within days. The significance of these complementary shifts in tributary electrical conductivity are discussed ill the light of possible source areas, storage, and rOllting fluctuations of melt water draining from the glacier.