Gomez, B. and Small, R. J. (1985)
Medial moraines of the Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Valais, Switzerland: debris supply and implications for moraine formation
- Cite key
- Journal of Glaciology
- The Haut Glacier d' Arolla displays three medial moraines: an ablation-dominant moraine east of the glacier centre line, an ice-stream interaction moraine west of the glacier centre line, and a medial-lateral supraglacial moraine complex along the western margin of the glacier.
The eastern moraine is formed by the emergence of coarse angular cIasts from a series of short longitudinal debris bands 1 km from the glacier terminus; this debris is derived from rock falls at the glacier head-wall, and follows a low-level transport path through the glacier. The western moraine is formed partly by the direct fall of weathered debris on to the ice surface at a point 2.6 km from the snout, but it receives further increments of sediment from extensive longitudinal englacial debris bands developed from the convergence of two ice streams with lateral englacial debris septa. The medial-lateral moraine complex is formed largely by rock falls from the western valley wall, but is also nourished by a debris layer
developed at the base of the small tributary Glacier de la Mitre. This layer crops out at the eastern margin of the re- sultant inset ice stream, and releases more rounded, abraded and comminuted rock fragments to supplement the surface debris cover of supraglacial origin.